Eve Arnold was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1912. Arnold was a photojournalist and the first female member of the Magnum Photo Agency. Although best known for her intimate images Marilyn Monroe on the set of the actress' last film, The Misfits (1961), Arnold took many portraits of Monroe from the preceding decade. Eve Arnold photographed iconic figures from Queen Elizabeth II to Malcolm X. She has travelled extensively around the world, photographing in China, Russia, South Africa, and Afghanistan. In 1980, Arnold had her first solo exhibition, which featured her photographic work from China at the Brooklyn Museum in New York City, and in the same year received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Society of Magazine Photographers. In 1995 Arnold was made a fellow of the Royal Photographic Society and elected Master Photographer by New York's International Center of Photography.