Eve Arnold (April 21, 1912- January 4, 2012) was an American photojournalist and was the first female member of the Magnum photos agency.
Arnold was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to immigrant Russian-Jewish parents.
Arnold is best known for her benevolent, intimate images of actress Marilyn Monroe on the set of Monroe's last film, The Misfits, in 1961, but she took many photos of Monroe from 1951 onwards.
Not only has Arnold photographed iconic figures such as Queen Elizabeth II and Malcolm X, she has traveled extensively around the world, photographing in China, Russia, South Africa, and Afghanistan. In 1980, she had her first solo exhibition which featured her photographic work in China at the Brooklyn Museum in New York City. In the same year she received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Society of Magazine Photographers. In 1995 she was made a fellow of the Royal Photographic Society and elected Master Photographer by New York's International Center of Photography.