Eve Arnold (American, b. 1912—2012)
Arnold was a photojournalist and the first female member of the Magnum Photo Agency. Although best known for her intimate images of actress Marilyn Monroe on the set of Monroe's last film, The Misfits, in 1961, Arnold took many photos of Monroe from 1951 onwards.
Not only has Arnold photographed iconic figures such as Queen Elizabeth II and Malcolm X, she has travelled extensively around the world, photographing in China, Russia, South Africa, and Afghanistan. In 1980, Arnold had her first solo exhibition, which featured her photographic work from China at the Brooklyn Museum in New York City, and in the same year received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Society of Magazine Photographers. In 1995 Arnold was made a fellow of the Royal Photographic Society and elected Master Photographer by New York's International Center of Photography.