Samuel Bourne's name is synonymous with British Indian photography. He is the most researched and highly-praised colonial photographer. His work gave birth to a studio, Bourne & Shepherd, that still operates in Calcutta. Bourne's photographs have what his contemporaries described as a "luminiscient quality" that exemplifies classic Raj photography.
All this, and Bourne only spent six years in India. Some credit for his success also goes to Charles Shepherd, an excellent printer in an age when chemistry was critical to a good photograph.
Bourne wrote a lively series on his adventures for The British Journal of Photography. They begin the day he arrived in Calcutta in 1863. It was an exciting time. He brought with him the chemicals to make albumen photographs. Newly invented, they were the first easily mass reproducible photograph.